FIFA WORLDCUP 1962

Chile hosted the seventh World Cup from May 30 to June 17. There were 57 national teams competing in the qualifiers, which began two years ago. 14 teams, including the automatically qualified host nation Chile and the defending champions Brazil, advance to the final tournament.

Background

Chile was an unlikely pick to host the World Cup for the seventh time. Because it was South America’s turn, Argentina seemed more likely, but due to political unrest in Argentina at the time, Chile was nominated instead.

Given the fact that African and Asian nations will play in the qualifying round, the final tournament will be limited to only American and European nations. African and Asian teams were required to play additional qualification matches against European teams, lowering their chances. Before 1970, when FIFA finally gave the Confederation of African Football one guaranteed place in the final, no African nation would make the final.

Format

If two teams had the same number of goals in their divisions, the rule requiring a replay was dropped, and goal difference was used instead. The goal differential favoured teams with less goals conceded, which helped defensive strategies.

Cities and arenas

In 1962, the World Cup matches were held in three different cities and stadiums. It was planned to have eight stadiums, but a megathrust earthquake with a magnitude of around 9.5 in Valdiva (south of Santiago) disrupted the plans. Apart from the national stadium in Santiago, the other three stadiums were World Cup stadiums with seating capacity of less than 20,000. undefinable

Tournament

Despite the fact that Péle was hospitalised, Brazil was able to retain their title. They achieved this by defeating Czechoslovakia 3-1 in the final. Garincha was the main star with Péle on the bench. Ferenc Puskás was another major football name who competed in the 1962 World Cup, but this time with the Spanish national team after changing allegiance due to the Hungarian Revolution. It was normal at the time for great football stars to switch nationalities and teams (but would soon be changed by new rules).

Chile captured the bronze medal after eliminating the Soviet Union, who had won the first European Championship, in the quarter-finals, demonstrating the conventional benefit of being a host country in the World Cup (except in 1962 Chile has never succeeded to go further than the first round in the knockout phase).

Any games were very violent, and the violence erupted many times into fights on the ground, including boxing and kicking. The worst scenes were seen in the game between Chile and Italy, dubbed “La Batalla de Santiago” and dubbed one of the most scandalous World Cup matches ever. The disgraceful incidents resulted in a lengthy brawl in which one of the Italian players was ultimately helped off the field by local police.

No substitutes were permitted, much as in the previous World Cup competition, which may have incited unjust play. Yellow and red cards have not yet been implemented into practise; however, a player could be sent off, which occurred six times during the Chile tournament.

Results

From the group stage, the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, West Germany, Chile, Brazil, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Italy will advance.

Chile, Brazil, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia all secured their quarter-final matches and advanced to the semi-finals. Chile was pitted against Brazil, and Yugoslavia was pitted against Czechoslovakia.

Brazil and Czechoslovakia will compete for the FIFA World Cup trophy in the final.

By winning in 1962, Brazil successfully defended its crown, becoming just the second country to do so – Italy was the first, winning in 1934 and 1938.

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