FIFA HISTORY
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FIFA WORLDCUP 1970

The ninth World Cup was the first time the competition was held outside of Europe or South America, and it was held in Mexico. The tournament took place from May 31 to June 21. There were 75 national teams who qualified for the preliminary tournament, and 14 of them qualified for the World Cup final tournament (Israel was the first representatives of the Asian-Confederation in the history of the tournament, and El Salvador and Morocco made also their first appearances). In addition, Mexico, the host country, and England, the reigning champions, were automatically qualified.

Background

Mexico was chosen as the host nation for the ninth World Cup in 1964. Mexico was a country that had done relatively little in international football competitions at the time, and the more respectable Argentina was upset to be ignored once again.

The 1970 FIFA World Cup was the first World Cup to be shown in colour on television (note that certain countries also did not have access to colour television).

It was also the first World Cup to use a ball that had been publicly sponsored. The ball, dubbed Telstar by Adidas, was designed by the company.

Format

The tournament will be split into two parts: a group stage and a knockout stage. The first round consisted of four groups, with two teams from each group advancing to the knockout round.

Cities and arenas

The tournament was held in five stadiums in five cities. The final was held at the Azteca Stadium, which has a capacity of over 100,000 people. For the first time in the tournament’s history, the average crowd will reach 50,000.

Tournament

For the first time in the World Cup, two new regulations were implemented. Substitutions, which had previously been prohibited in previous World Cups, were now permitted – two per team per game. The adoption of the red and yellow card was the second modern regulation (it had been tested in the 1968 Olympics). In the opening match between Mexico and Russia, referee Kurt Tschenscher will show the first historical yellow card. Despite the fact that the red card had not been used before in the World Cup, players were sent off the field (somewhat curiously, no player in this tournament want shown a red card).

Brazil had not performed well in the previous World Cup and had not participated in the previous South American Championship prior to the 1970 World Cup. They had, however, made an impression during qualifying, and fresh young players like Gérson and Jairzinho, as well as Pelé and Rivellino, would form the backbone of what would become a classic national team.

The current champions England had a good side, but they would be defeated in a memorable match by West Germany. West Germany will face Italy in one of the Semi-finals, with the Italians advancing to the final if they scored seven goals.

In the other Semi-final, Brazil avenged its loss in the 1950 World Cup by defeating the Urugyans. The final match, between Brazil and Italy, was viewed as a clash between futebol d’arte (football as art) and futebol de resultados (football as sport) (playing for the result). Brazil, as the embodiment of literature, will put on yet another outstanding display, becoming the first country in World Cup history to win three times (they would also be the first team in a World Cup since Uruguay in 1930 to win all their matches and in ordinary match time). As a result, they will forever own the Jules Rimet Trophy instead of Italy (which had had two previous titles).

Any football historians believe that this tournament marks the culmination of an epoch in the sport. “For the last time in major rivalry, there was room,” writes Jonathan Wilson, and “never again can a team achieve such success simply by putting their best players on the field.”

Results

Uruguay, Brazil, Peru, Italy, Mexico, and West Germany advance from the group stage to the knockout stage.

Uruguay, Brazil, Italy, and West Germany all advanced to the final four. In the first Semi-final, Brazil defeated Uruguay, and in the second, Italy defeated West Germany in a thrilling match.

West Germany would take the third-place match, and Brazil would defeat Italy 4-1 in the final.

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